The Ministry of Health targets Indonesia to be free of malaria by 2030.
Director General of Disease Prevention and Control, Ministry of Health, doctors Maxi Rein Rondonuwu, said the stages of achieving malaria-free Indonesia in 2030 were preceded by the achievement of free areas at the district and city levels and then at the provincial level.
In order to achieve the target, Maxi said, the government made the regionalization of the elimination target. Regional includes the provinces in Java and Bali; the second region covers the provinces of Sumatra, Sulawesi and West Nusa Tenggara; the third region covers the provinces in Kalimantan and North Maluku, the fourth region covers the provinces in Maluku and East Nusa Tenggara; and the fifth region includes the provinces of Papua and West Papua.
“In 2022, it is targeted that as many as 365 regencies and cities achieve malaria elimination. To achieve this target, it is necessary to intensify the implementation of integrated malaria control, especially in local governments. It’s not just the job of the health department, but it’s a cross-sectoral task,” said Maxi in a press statement for World Malaria Day 2022, Friday (22/4) through the Indonesian Ministry of Health’s YouTube channel.
Malaria is an infectious disease that is still a health problem in several parts of Indonesia, especially the eastern region. The number of malaria cases in Indonesia in 2021 is 304,607, a decrease when compared to the number of cases in 2009, which was 418,439. Of the total malaria cases in 2021, 90.3 percent are in Papua Province with 275,243 cases.
“Based on this number, the malaria morbidity rate, using the Annual Paracite Incidence (API) parameter, is 1.1 cases in 1,000 residents,” explained Maxi Rein Rondonuwu.
Environmental Factor Control
Acting Director of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Ministry of Health, doctor Tiffany Tiara Pakasi, said the success of a Malaria-Free Indonesia in 2030 is determined by the success of early detection of malaria cases in the community, as well as controlling environmental factors in rice ponds, plantations, swamps and the environment with stagnant water. other.
“The environment is changed so that it doesn’t become a mosquito shelter, then so that it doesn’t get bitten by Anopheles mosquitoes, we sleep with insecticide-treated mosquito nets, then larvicidation is carried out,” explained Tiffani Tiara Pakasi.
The Ministry of Health stated that nationally there are 347 (68 percent) districts and cities in Indonesia that have eliminated malaria by 2021. The highest achievement was in the Java-Bali region as many as 124 of 128 city districts (97 percent). followed by Sumatra, Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara (74 percent), Kalimantan and North Maluku (56 percent), Maluku and East Nusa Tenggara (15 percent), while the Papua region includes the provinces of Papua and West Papua with 42 regencies and cities. none has yet succeeded in achieving malaria elimination. Efforts to eliminate malaria in Papua are considering the large amount of land in the form of swamps and wilderness which is a breeding ground for the Anopheles mosquito.
World Malaria Day (HMS) is observed every year on 25 April. In 2022, the HMS Commemoration Peak Event will be held in Central Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara Province on 31 May.
The national theme for the 2022 World Malaria Day commemoration is “Create Innovation to Achieve Elimination, Realize a Malaria Free Indonesia”.
This theme contains a message to all components of the nation to continue to give a strong commitment to realizing a Malaria Free Indonesia in 2030. [yl/ab]