Muslim ethnicity Uighur reportedly often become victims of government violence and arbitrary arrests China.
The Chinese government considers Uighur Muslims to be part of terrorists and begins to oppress them. This suppression can be seen from the confessions of a number of Uighurs who have managed to flee to other countries.
The Uighurs are mostly Muslim and are Sunni. The majority of them live in Xinjiang, China.
Before Chinese control, Xinjiang was a small population filled with herders and farmers. They formed small kingdoms and tribal alliances.
As reported by Britannica, Xinjiang was discovered by the Xiyu joint military command during the Han dynasty in 60 BC.
However, the dynasty’s power weakened in the 3rd century AD, leaving Xinjiang under the rule of Uighur leaders.
After that, various changes of power occurred. Starting from the emergence of the Tang dynasty, to the entry of Arab and Islamic teachings.
The Origin of the Name Xinjiang
In 1644, the Qing dynasty took control of Xinjiang. It defeated tribal resistance from the north and sent staunch Muslims to Xinjiang in the 17th and 18th centuries.
In the Qing era, the name Xinjiang was also pinned which means a new frontier in the western region.
The Qing dynasty itself is part of the history of the Chinese empire. In 1884, the Qing government then created the province of Xinjiang.
In 1955, the Chinese government made Xinjiang an autonomous region. This decision was taken by the central government which at that time was moderate towards minorities.
Now, the residences of the Uighurs are allegedly turned into ‘torture camps.’
A former police officer who used to work in Uighur camps in Xinjiang said people who were newly detained were often beaten during interrogation.
“Everyone used a different method. Some even used crushing bars, or iron chains with locks,” the former police officer told CNN using the pseudonym Jiang.
In addition, Jiang said many people from Uighur homes were forcibly arrested and taken to the camp.
“We brought [mereka] all forcibly overnight. If hundreds of people are in this one area, you have to arrest those hundreds of people.”